Select a specific condition below to view its details.
- Acholuric jaundice
Anemia treatment depends on the cause.
- Aortic dissection
Introduction to aortic dissection
The aorta is the large blood vessel that leads from the heart and carries blood to the rest of the body. It originates at the aortic valve at the outlet of the left ventricle of the heart and ascends within the chest to an arch where blood vessels branch off to supply blood flow to the arms and head. The aorta then begins to descend through the chest and into the abdomen where it splits into two iliac Read More
- Aortic valve stenosis
What is aortic stenosis?
Aortic stenosis is abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve. A number of conditions cause disease resulting in narrowing of the aortic valve. When the degree of narrowing becomes significant enough to impede the flow of blood from the left ventricle to the arteries, heart problems develop. The basic mechanism is as follows:
The heart is a muscular pump with four chambers and four heart valves. Read More
A heart arrhythmia (uh-RITH-me-uh) is an irregular heartbeat. Heart rhythm problems (heart arrhythmias) occur when the electrical signals that coordinate the heart's beats don't work properly. The faulty signalling causes the heart to beat too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradyc Read More
- Congestive heart failure
What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
Heart failure describes the inability or failure of the heart to adequately meet the needs of organs and tissues for oxygen and nutrients. This decrease in cardiac output, the amount of blood that the heart pumps, is not adequate to circulate the blood returning to the heart from the body and lungs, causing fluid (mainly water) to leak from capillary blood vessels. This leads to the symptoms that Read More
- Da costa's syndrome
Da Costa’s Syndrome, variously named as effort syndrome, cardiac neurosis, neurocirculatory asthenia, etc is a psychiatric disorder in which the patient experiences chest pain. This may mimic angina, a type of chest pain. Commonly found in women, it is a syndrome in close association with symptoms of anxiety.Cure for Da Costa’s Syndrome
It is shown in the reports of Da Costa and Wheeler that patients did Read More
- Eisenmenger complex
Eisenmenger syndrome affects some people who have structural heart defects from birth, more specifically, a ventricular septal defect (VSD) or another shunt. A VSD is a hole in the heart that connects the left and right ventricles. It interferes with the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs, which results in abnormal blood circulation. People with this condition are born with a hole between the two pumping chambers of their hearts.
- Endocardial dysplasia
The risk factors for endocardial dysplasia vary depending on the type of the condition. The most common risk factor is a history of congenital heart disease, but there are also other risk factors that can be related to genetics or family history.
If you have a family member who has had a heart condition, especially one that required surgery, it's more likely that you'll develop endocardial dysplasia than someone who doesn't have Read More
Endocarditis is a serious inflammation of one of the four heart valves. Read More
- Familial congestive cardiomyopathy
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition that occurs when the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. The most common type of CHF is called "congestive cardiomyopathy" or "congestive heart failure with preserved ejection fraction."
Congestive cardiomyopathy is usually caused by a genetic disorder of the heart muscle, but it can also be caused by high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, anemia, diabetes, Read More
- Fiedler disease
Fiedler disease is a rare genetic disorder that causes the immune system to attack healthy skin cells. The disease is most common in people of European descent, but it can be found in people of all races and ethnicities.The risk factors for Fiedler disease are not well understood, but researchers believe that there may be some things that make you more likely to develop the disease. These include:
Age: Ch Read More
- Functional cardiovascular disease
Functional cardiovascular disease is a term used to describe a group of disorders that affect the heart and blood vessels. These disorders cause symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, dizziness, and lightheadedness.
The symptoms of functional cardiovascular disease are similar to those caused by more serious conditions like coronary artery disease (CAD) or heart failure. However, because these symptoms c Read More
- Giant cell myocarditis
Though research has been going on for years, the actual cause of giant cell myocarditis is still not clear. The risk factors for giant cell myocarditis are-
People with autoimmune disorders are prone to this disease; however, people of any age, gender, lifestyle, or food habit can be a sufferer of this disease.
Patients with autoimmune diseases like type 1 diabetes, Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis Read More
- Heart attack
A heart attack occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is severely reduced or blocked. The blockage is usually due to a buildup of fat, cholesterol and other substances in the heart (coronary) arteries. The fatty, cholesterol-containing deposits are called plaques. The process Read More
- Heart disease and cardiac catheterization
- Heart disease and restrictive cardiomyopathy
What Is Restrictive Cardiomyopathy?
Restrictive cardiomyopathy, the rarest form of cardiomyopathy, is a condition in which the walls of the lower chambers of the heart (the ventricles) are abnormally rigid and lack the flexibility to expand as the ventricles fill with blood.
The pumping or systolic function of the ventricle may be normal but the diastolic function (the ability of the heart to fill with blood) is abnormal. There Read More
- Heart disease: heart valve disease
According to the American Heart Association, about 5 million Americans are diagnosed with valvular heart disease each year.
What Is Valvular Heart Disease?
Heart valve disease occurs when your heart's valves do not work the way they should.
How Do Heart Valves Work?
Your heart valves lie at the exit of each of your four heart chambers and maintain one-way blood flow through your heart. The four heart valves make Read More
- Heart failure and biventricular pacemakers
- Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy
Signs and symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy may include:
Shortness of breath (dyspnea) during activity or while lying down
Reduced ability to exercise
Swelling (edema) in the legs, ankles, feet or belly (abdomen)
Chest pain or discomfort
Fast, fluttering or pounding heartbeat (palpitations)
- Idiopathic giant cell myocarditis
Idiopathic giant-cell myocarditis (IGCM) is a rare and frequently fatal type (mortality rate of 50% or more in patients) of myocarditis that often affects relatively young adults.
The term idiopathic is used to describe a disease with unknown causes.
It is characterized by progressive congestive heart failure, frequently associated with ventricular arrhythmias or heart block.
Due to its unidentifiable causes, Read More
- Loeffler fibroplastic parietal endocardi...
- Non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopa...
The symptoms of non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can be very different from one person to another and even within a single case. That's because this condition is caused by genetic mutations that cause the heart muscle to grow at an accelerated rate, making it harder for your heart to pump blood through your body.
The most common symptom of non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is shortness of breath. It can feel Read More
- Nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopat...
- Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
The symptoms of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy include:
Chest Pain and Shortness of Breath
Fatigue and Weakness
Palpitations (Unusually fast heartbeat)
Shortness of breath during exercise or exertion
Fatigue and weakness
Dizziness or lightheadedness
Sudden weight gain due to swelling in the legs and abdomen due to fluid retention (edema)
Swelling in h Read More
There's no cure for pericarditis, but it can be treated.The most effective treatment is to reduce the inflammation of the pericardium so that it can heal. This can be done through medication and/or physical therapy.There are several medications that can be used to treat pericarditis. Some of these include:
Prednisone: Prednisone is a steroid that reduces inflammation and pain in your body Read More
- Preexcitation syndrome
The symptoms of preexcitation syndrome are varied, but they can be grouped into two categories: those that affect your heart and those that affect your brain.
Heart-related symptoms include a fast heartbeat and skipped beats. The most common symptom is a rapid heartbeat—this can occur when you're at rest or when you are exercising. If you have preexcitation syndrome, this rapid heartbeat can cause palpitat Read More
- Pulmonary hypertension, secondary
There is no cure or medication that can be used to treat pulmonary hypertension, secondary. The only treatment available is surgery, and even then, it's not guaranteed to work.
Pulmonary hypertension occurs when the blood vessels in your lungs get narrow and hardened. This makes it difficult for your heart to pump blood through your body and can result in serious complications, including death.
There a Read More
- Romano-ward long qt syndrome
Romano-Ward long QT syndrome can cause sudden death due to ventricular arrhythmia (abnormal heartbeat) or fainting spells that do not feel like a typical faint, such as syncope (fainting), near syncope (almost fainting), presyncope (feeling lightheadedness or dizziness), or postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS).The main symptoms of Romano-Ward long QT syndrome are:
Fainting spells or near-fainting spells t Read More
- Subendocardial sclerosis
Although the precise cause of this disease is unknown, the following risk factors can increase your chances of developing subendocardial sclerosis:
Develops in people with a genetic predisposition (family history of heart disease, genetic disorder, and infections linked to other heart ailments).
Cocaine use or viral infection can act as a trigger for disease
People with diabetes are more likely to develop thi Read More
- Superior vena cava syndrome
The superior vena cava is a large vein located in the upper chest, which collects blood from the head and arms and delivers it back to the right atrium of the heart. If this vein is compressed by outside structures, or if a thrombus or clot develops within it, return blood flow to the heart is impeded. When blood flow to the heart is restricted, the increased pressure in the veins of the face and arms causes edema (fluid b Read More
- Takayasu disease (takayasu arteritis)
There is no cure for takayasu disease (takayasu arteritis). However, a comprehensive treatment plan can be followed to improve the symptoms, reduce inflammation and prevent irreversible damage to artery walls. Takayasu disease or Takayasu Arteritis (TAK) is a type of vasculitis, a rare familial disorder characterized by inflammation of blood vessels. The condition affects the aorta and its branches, which resist the flow of bl Read More
- The heart and vascular disease
A buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries, or atherosclerosis (ath-ur-o-skluh-ROE-sis) can damage your blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup causes narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke.
Coronary artery disease symptoms may be different for men and women. For instance, men are more likely to have chest pain. Women are more likely to have other signs and symptoms along with Read More
- Ventricular septal defects
Most babies with VSDs will not experience any symptoms and will not need treatment. However, if you have a VSD and experience symptoms such as rapid breathing or a fast heartbeat, it's important to see your doctor right away.
If your doctor recommends surgery to close a VSD, your surgeon will usually make a small cut between your ribs to reach the heart. Then, he or she will use special tools to close the hole in the wall betwee Read More
- Wolff parkinson white syndrome
There is no cure for Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome (WPW), but there are medications that can help manage the symptoms.
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is a rare heart condition that affects about 1 in 500 people. It can cause a fast heartbeat, shortness of breath, dizziness, and fainting spells.
There are two types of medication that may help treat the symptoms of W-P-W: beta-blockers and calcium chann Read More