Select a specific condition below to view its details.
What is angina?
The heart is the pump responsible for circulating blood throughout the body. Myocardium (myo=muscle + cardium=muscle) is the heart muscle that contracts to pump that blood and like any other muscle, it requires oxygen rich blood for energy. Angina pectoris describes the pain, discomfort, or other symptoms that occur when blood flow to heart muscle cells is not enough to meet its energy needs.
The classic descrip Read More
- Aortic dissection
Introduction to aortic dissection
The aorta is the large blood vessel that leads from the heart and carries blood to the rest of the body. It originates at the aortic valve at the outlet of the left ventricle of the heart and ascends within the chest to an arch where blood vessels branch off to supply blood flow to the arms and head. The aorta then begins to descend through the chest and into the abdomen where it splits into two iliac Read More
- Aortic valve stenosis
What is aortic stenosis?
Aortic stenosis is abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve. A number of conditions cause disease resulting in narrowing of the aortic valve. When the degree of narrowing becomes significant enough to impede the flow of blood from the left ventricle to the arteries, heart problems develop. The basic mechanism is as follows:
The heart is a muscular pump with four chambers and four heart valves. Read More
A heart arrhythmia (uh-RITH-me-uh) is an irregular heartbeat. Heart rhythm problems (heart arrhythmias) occur when the electrical signals that coordinate the heart's beats don't work properly. The faulty signalling causes the heart to beat too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradyc Read More
- Atrial fibrillation
Atrial Fibrillation is an irregular and extremely rapid heartbeat, the same leading to forming of blood clots in the heart. A-fib heightens the risk of strokes, heart failure and other heart complications. It results in fast, pounding palpitations, shortness of breath and weakness. While A-fib is not a serious condition, it does call for immediate medical attention to prevent stroke. Cure/medications for Atrial fi Read More
- Autosomal recessive long qt syndrome
Autosomal recessive long-QT syndrome (Jervell Lange-Nielsen syndrome) is a recessive disorder with congenital deafness and long-QT syndrome. This disorder is a form of long QT syndrome.Symptoms of Autosomal recessive long-QT syndrome may be apparent during early childhood.Sensorineural hearing loss is usually profound, affecting both ears; however, it tends to affect the hearing of high frequencies more than low fr Read More
- Da costa's syndrome
Da costa’s syndrome is also known as chronic asthenia or as cardiac neurosis. This condition is being studied for more than a hundred years for now and the description of this condition was described by the conditions of the soldiers. Usually, the symptoms of Da costa’s syndrome are more or less similar to that of various heart diseases.
An individual affected with Da costa’s syndrome may experience fatigue and dizziness upon exertion, har Read More
- Deafness-functional heart disease
Deafness functional heart disease can impair the cardiovascular health of the patient and affect both the peripheral and central auditory systems, mostly common among older people. Heart is responsible for pumping blood and bringing oxygen to the whole body. The heart disease results in poor circulation and may reduce sufficient oxygen from reaching the brain. This can cause the nerve cells to be destroyed or damaged which causes permanent hea Read More
- Endocardial cushion defects
Yes, there is a cure for endocardial cushion defects. However, it is not always the most effective method of treatment.Endocardial cushion defects are often discovered in early infancy when the child has a heart murmur or irregular heartbeat. In some cases, doctors may not diagnose a defect until adulthood.If you have an endocardial cushion defect, you may need regular checkups with your primary care physician to m Read More
- Endocardial dysplasia
The risk factors for endocardial dysplasia vary depending on the type of the condition. The most common risk factor is a history of congenital heart disease, but there are also other risk factors that can be related to genetics or family history.If you have a family member who has had a heart condition, especially one that required surgery, it's more likely that you'll develop endocardial dysplasia than someone who doesn't Read More
- Familial congestive cardiomyopathy
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition that occurs when the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. The most common type of CHF is called "congestive cardiomyopathy" or "congestive heart failure with preserved ejection fraction."Congestive cardiomyopathy is usually caused by a genetic disorder of the heart muscle, but it can also be caused by high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, anemia, diabe Read More
- Fiedler disease
Fiedler disease is a rare genetic disorder that causes the immune system to attack healthy skin cells. The disease is most common in people of European descent, but it can be found in people of all races and ethnicities.The risk factors for Fiedler disease are not well understood, but researchers believe that there may be some things that make you more likely to develop the disease. These include:Age: Children y Read More
- Functional cardiovascular disease
Functional cardiovascular disease is a term used to describe a group of disorders that affect the heart and blood vessels. These disorders cause symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, dizziness, and lightheadedness.The symptoms of functional cardiovascular disease are similar to those caused by more serious conditions like coronary artery disease (CAD) or heart failure. However, because these sympto Read More
- Giant cell myocarditis
Though research has been going on for years, the actual cause of giant cell myocarditis is still not clear. The risk factors for giant cell myocarditis are-People with autoimmune disorders are prone to this disease; however, people of any age, gender, lifestyle, or food habit can be a sufferer of this disease. Patients with autoimmune diseases like type 1 diabetes, Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, m Read More
- Heart attack
A heart attack occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is severely reduced or blocked. The blockage is usually due to a buildup of fat, cholesterol and other substances in the heart (coronary) arteries. The fatty, cholesterol-containing deposits are called plaques. The process Read More
- Heart disease and cardiac catheterization
Heart diseases are caused by various factors and are of multiple types. While some heart diseases are related to the blood vessels and arteries, others might be caused due to irregular heart rhythm. The types of heart diseases with their symptoms can be seen below.
•Problems in blood vessels- fatty plaques in the arteries and damaged or blocked blood vessels can cause heart diseases, whose symptoms include chest pain or pressure, or discomfort Read More
- Heart disease: heart valve disease
Any of a number of disorders that impair the proper function of one or more of your heart's valves are referred to as heart valve disease. Heart valve problems can make your heart work harder if it is not treated. Your quality of life may be negatively impacted, and it can even endanger your life.Despite the fact that medication can be extremely useful, none of them can stop a valve from leaking. Similarly, there is no medi Read More
- Heart transplant
People who need a heart transplant are typically those whose conditions haven't improved enough with medication or other procedures.Heart transplant treatmentYour doctor might suggest particular procedures or surgery if drugs are insufficient for your heart problems. Open-heart surgery for heart transplants lasts for several hours. If you've had previous cardiac operations, the procedure will be more difficult a Read More
- Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy
When the heart's pumping sides/chambers start growing unusually large, the valves and muscles start stretching and thinning. It is the disease called Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy. The disease begins with the left side of the heart as the swelling of the heart chambers makes it difficult for the heart to pump enough blood to different parts of the body. Cure/Treatments/Medications:Cure and treatments of Read More
- Idiopathic giant cell myocarditis
Clinically, myocarditis is defined as inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium). In clinical practice, it is used to describe inflammatory heart diseases that affect cardiac muscle and its function, either directly or indirectly, with a wide variety of infectious and noninfectious causes.Idiopathic giant-cell myocarditis (IGCM) is a rare and frequently fatal type (mortality rate of 50% or more in patients) of myocarditi Read More
- Mitral valve prolapse
What is mitral valve prolapse?
Mitral valve prolapse (also known as "click murmur syndrome" and "Barlow's syndrome") is the most common heart valve abnormality. The condition is slightly more prevalent in women than in men. The mitral valve is one of the four heart valves. A normal mitral valve consists of two thin leaflets, located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart. Mitral valve leaflets, shaped like parachut Read More
- Non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopa...
Non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes enlarged and stiff. This can make it difficult for your heart to pump blood effectively, causing symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, fatigue and fainting spells.In some cases, you may also be diagnosed with mitral valve prolapse (MVP), which is caused by a defect in the valve separating your Read More
- Nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopat...
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease that causes the heart to grow abnormally large, which can lead to trouble pumping blood throughout the body. It's also known as an abnormal thickening of the heart muscle.
The symptoms of nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are not always easy to spot, but there are some common signs to look for. If you're concerned about your heart health, here's what you need to know.
he most common Read More
- Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition that causes the heart to thicken. It can make it difficult for blood to flow through, which can cause symptoms like shortness of breath or chest pain.If you have symptoms of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, it's important to talk with your doctor about them. They'll be able to help you figure out if you should get tested for it.The symptoms Read More
There's no cure for pericarditis, but it can be treated.The most effective treatment is to reduce the inflammation of the pericardium so that it can heal. This can be done through medication and/or physical therapy.There are several medications that can be used to treat pericarditis. Some of these include:Prednisone: Prednisone is a steroid that reduces inflammation and pain in your Read More
- Preexcitation syndrome
The symptoms of preexcitation syndrome are varied, but they can be grouped into two categories: those that affect your heart and those that affect your brain.Heart-related symptoms include a fast heartbeat and skipped beats. The most common symptom is a rapid heartbeat—this can occur when you're at rest or when you are exercising. If you have preexcitation syndrome, this rapid heartbeat can cause palp Read More
- Pulmonary hypertension, secondary
There is no cure or medication that can be used to treat pulmonary hypertension, secondary. The only treatment available is surgery, and even then, it's not guaranteed to work.Pulmonary hypertension occurs when the blood vessels in your lungs get narrow and hardened. This makes it difficult for your heart to pump blood through your body and can result in serious complications, including death.There Read More
- Subendocardial sclerosis
Subendocardial sclerosis is a rare but fatal form of heart disease. It refers to the hardening of the heart's inner lining, known as the endocardium, which can lead to heart failure and cardiac arrest if left untreated. It has a high mortality rate and typically affects infants and children.Although the precise cause of this disease is unknown, the following risk factors can increase your chances of developing subendocardial sclero Read More
- Takayasu disease (takayasu arteritis)
There is no cure for takayasu disease (takayasu arteritis). However, a comprehensive treatment plan can be followed to improve the symptoms, reduce inflammation and prevent irreversible damage to artery walls. Takayasu disease or Takayasu Arteritis (TAK) is a type of vasculitis, a rare familial disorder characterized by inflammation of blood vessels. The condition affects the aorta and its branches, which resist the flow of bl Read More
- The heart and vascular disease
A buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries, or atherosclerosis (ath-ur-o-skluh-ROE-sis) can damage your blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup causes narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke.
Coronary artery disease symptoms may be different for men and women. For instance, men are more likely to have chest pain. Women are more likely to have other signs and symptoms along with Read More
- Ventricular septal defect
A ventricular septal defect is the second most cardiac abnormality in adults, often congenital. The ventricular septum is a curved structure that demarcates the two ventricles of the heart. Developmental abnormality of septal formation during complex processes of cardiac morphogenesis leads to the defect. VSDs can occur due to genetic factors such as chromosomal aberrations, single genes, and polygenic mutations. Toxins like a Read More
- Ventricular septal defects
Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are congenital heart defects that occur when there is a hole in the dividing wall between the right and left ventricles. They are most common in people with Down syndrome and Turner syndrome, but they can also be found in other conditions. They're sometimes called "holes in the heart."Most babies with VSDs will not experience any symptoms and will not need treatment. However, if yo Read More
- Wolff parkinson white syndrome
Episodes of a fast heart rate (tachycardia) can begin suddenly and may last a few seconds or several hours. Episodes can occur during exercise or while at rest.
Other signs and symptoms of WPW syndrome are related to the fast heart rate and underlying heart rhythm problem (arrhythmia). The most common arrhythmia seen with WPW syndrome is supraventricular tachycardia. Supraventricular tachycardia causes episodes of a fast, pounding hear Read More