There are various heart diseases that affect the working of the heart and the body and pose life risks to the patients. Restrictive cardiomyopathy is one of the multiple forms of cardiomyopathy- which is heart disease also known as Heart Muscle Disease. This rare condition is where the walls of the heart’s lower chambers become rigid and inflexible and are unable to expand while the ventricles fill with blood.
This makes the heart lose its capacity to pump blood properly, and thus the heart fails. The symptoms of restrictive cardiomyopathy include shortness of breath, fatigue, weight gain, swelling in the legs, nausea, bloating, etc. Apart from this, chest pain and fainting can also be a symptom.
The risk factors that cause restrictive cardiomyopathy include-
Building up of the scar tissue, mostly due to idiopathic
Accumulation of abnormal proteins such as amyloidosis in the heart muscle
Chemotherapy, or the exposure of the chest to radiation
Presence of excessive iron also called hemochromatosis in the heart
Other systematic diseases such as sarcoidosis.
There are many other heart diseases which pose a great risk to the heart and the life of an individual. They include Coronary Artery Disease, Heart Valve Disease, Heart Arrhythmias, Congenital Heart Disease, etc. Risk factors of such heart problems include-
High levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or cholestrol in the blood
Smoking, or exposure to passive smoking
High blood pressure
Lack of physical activity or exercise